Roman spatha, long sword with scabbard, 2nd century AD.
This spatha is a reconstruction based on original finds from the 2nd century. The original finds are now in the Limes Museum in Aalen, Baden Württemberg.
From the late 2nd century onwards, the spatha gradually replaced the shorter gladius. Finally, in the 3rd century, the weapon became the standard weapon of the imperial Roman legions. It was also used by gladiators.
The exact origin of the spatha is still much debated among historians, archaeologists and lovers of ancient Rome.
This Roman sword is made of a double-edged spring steel blade. The edges of the blade are not sharpened. It is forged all the way to the pommel, where it is screwed together with a brass threaded nut.
The hilt with semi-circular pommel and guard is made entirely of wood.
The accompanying leather scabbard is made of wood and covered with leather. The guard and mouth plate are made of brass. A special eye-catcher here is the larger than average brass disc on the rim of the box.
- Material: blade made of spring steel EN45 (carbon steel, not stainless), handle made of wood.
- Total length: approx. 100.5 cm (approx. 105 cm with scabbard)
- Blade length: approx. 82.5 cm
- Blade thickness: approx. 4.5 mm / 2.6 mm (cutting edges approx. 1 mm)
- Handle length: approx. 18 cm (handle section approx. 9.5 cm)
- Max. Blade width: approx. 4.5 cm
- Centre of gravity: approx. 27 cm in front of the guard
- Incl. wooden scabbard with genuine leather cover and brass fittings
- Width of the scabbard at the mouth plate: approx. 7 cm
- Width of the scabbard in front of the tang: approx. 4.5 cm
- Diameter of the tang: ca. 11 cm
- Weight without scabbard: approx. 0.9 kg
- Weight with scabbard: approx. 1.45 kg
Scope of delivery: 1x Roman spatha with leather sheath